Sclerotherapy Treatment

Sclerotherapy Treatment

Sclerotherapy Treatment

Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used to eliminate spider veins. Sclerotherapy involves an injection of a solution (hypertonic saline) directly into the vein. The solution irritates the lining of the blood vessel, causing it to collapse and stick together and the blood to clot. Over time, the vessel turns into scar tissue that fades from view.

The following may occur with treatment:

1. DISCOMFORT – Some discomfort may be experienced during treatment. During Sclerotherapy, the sclerosing solution is injected through a very fi

ne needle directly into the vein. at this point, you may experience mild discomfort and/or cramp for one to two minutes, especially when larger veins are injected.

2. WOUND HEALING – You may experience certain side effects after sclerotherapy. There are milder effects, such as itching, which can last for one to two da

ys after the procedure. Also, you may experience raised, red areas at the injection site. These should disappear within a few days.

3. BRUISING/SWELLING/INFECTION – Bruising may also occur around the injection site and can last several days or weeks. Additionally, there may be some swelling noted. Finally, skin infection is a possibility although rare, whenever a skin procedure is performed.

4. PIGMENT CHANGES – Brown lines or spots may appear at the vein site. In most cases, they disappear within three to six months.

5. TREATMENT OF LARGE VESSELS – Larger veins that have been injected may become lumpy and hard and may require several months to dissolve and fade.

6. BLOOD VESSELS- The development of new, tiny blood vessels — may occur at the site of sclerotherapy treatment. These tiny veins can appear days or weeks after the procedure but should fade within three to twelve months without further treatment.

7. ALLERGIC REACTION- Allergic reactions to the injection fluid may occur at the time of the procedure and are rarely serious. If you have a history of allergies, you have a great4er chance of experiencing an allergic reaction to the agents. A minor allergic reaction will cause itching and swelling. To avoid any serious complications, your doctor will likely test the agents on a small area before applying the solutions to a larger area.

8. POOR RESULTS- After treatments with sclerotherapy, spider veins generally disappear in three to six weeks while varicose veins may take three to four months to respond. Once gone, the veins do not reappear. But you will probably develop new spider veins at the same rate as before.

Pre Treatment Care:

What to do before treatment:

  • Prior to sclerotherapy, you should avoid certain medications.
  • Talk to your doctor about all medicines (including over-the-counter drugs, herbs, and dietary supplements) you are taking.
  • Some doctors recommend avoiding aspirin, ibuprofen (such as Advil, Motrin, and Nuprin) or other anti-inflammatory drugs for 48-72 hours before sclerotherapy. Tylenol, however, should not affect this procedure.
  • If you need to take an antibiotic before sclerotherapy, contact your doctor.
  • No lotion should be applied to the legs before the procedure.

Post Treatment Care:

For greater results:

  • Leave thigh_high compression stockings on 24 hours a day for 1 week after treatment.
  • After the first week, stockings can be removed at night or any time that the legs can be elevated. Wearing the compression stockings will help you to achieve the best possible
  • Do not shave your legs for 3-4 days.
  • Take a 30-60 minute walk shortly after the treatment, and walk 20-30 minutes a day for 2 weeks, but avoid strenuous exercise for 1-2 days. Do not perform an aerobic exercise such as a jog or ride a bicycle for a week.
  • Avoid hot baths or Jacuzzis for a few days following procedure to avoid dilating veins.


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